host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> 18th Century Commemorative Medal - Execution of Marie Antoinette, 1793 - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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18th Century Commemorative Medal - Execution of Marie Antoinette, 1793

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© Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1885N1536.12
Collection:Coins & Medals
Date:1793 - 1793

Maker Information

Engraver: Conrad Heinrich Kuchler - View biography for Conrad Heinrich Kuchler
Maker:Soho Mint - View history

Notes

This was one of the first medals produced by Conrad Heinrich Küchler for Matthew Boulton at the Soho Mint. It was intended to exploit the popular feeling of revulsion in Britain caused by the French Revolution. Louis XVI was King of France between 1774 and 1793, he was overthrown on the 10th August and executed on the 21st of January. The reverse of this medal depicts his Queen, Marie Antoinette, being transported to her execution at the guillotine in October 1793.

Presented by The Misses Long, 1878.

Further Information

Reign:King George III
Production Period:Georgian
Material(s):Copper
Place of Origin:Birmingham, Staffordshire - originally, England

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Associated Places

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Dimensions

Diameter:47 mm