host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Pencil Drawing with Watercolour - Illuminated Letter 'Y' copied from the Arnstein Passional (Harley MS2800) - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Pencil Drawing with Watercolour - Illuminated Letter 'Y' copied from the Arnstein Passional (Harley MS2800)

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© Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1906P1026
Collection:Fine Art Prints and Drawings
Date:1850c - 1859c

Maker Information

Artist:Frederick Sandys - View biography for Frederick Sandys

Notes

This is a copy of letter Y from the 'Arnstein Passional,' a twelfth-century German illuminated manuscript. In the nineteenth century it was part of the Harley Collection held at the British Museum but has since been moved to the British Library. It is possible that rather than seeing the original, Sandys copied it from 'Illuminated Ornaments Selected from Manuscripts' by Henry Shaw and F. Madden (1830-1833) which reproduced the whole alphabet from this particualr manuscript. 'Illuminated Ornaments' was on of the books in the library of his patron James Bulwer (see Betty Elzea, 'Frederick Sandys 1829-1904: A Catalogue Raisonné,' p. 141).

Purchased and presented by subscribers, 1906.

Further Information

Medium:Pencil and watercolour on tracing paper.
Material(s):Paper

Dimensions

Height:131 mm
Width:86 mm