Tobacco was introduced into China from Europe in the late 16th century and was smoked in a pipe. The use of snuff, tobacco that has been ground to a fine powder and scented with essential oils, came later after the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644. At that time, smoking tobacco was forbidden but the use of snuff, which was sniffed, rather than smoked, was acceptable. This was because the Chinese valued snuff for its medicinal qualities. It was considered as an effective remedy for colds, headaches, and many other illnesses. The powdered tobacco was dispensed in a bottle, as were most other medicines in China.This example is a glass, ivory and wooden snuff bottle with a domed stopper, a straight neck flaring to ovoid flat body, and a foot ring. It is made of 'Pekin' glass, which imitates stone, in this case, aventurine. The bottle is yellow-brown with gold metallic flecks and streaks. The green stopper is set into a brass mount and the spoon is set onto the stopper.