host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Amulet - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
Museums Home BMAGiC Home Search Browse BMAGiC Help About BMAGiC Contact Us
           

Amulet

View main imageView larger image
BMandAG Picture Library has been unable to contact the copyright owner in this work. Any information will be gratefully received.

Additional Images

Click on each image below to view at full size:
View image 2 View image 3 View image 4 

Basic Information

Accession Number:1931M968.870.3
Collection:Applied Art - Jewellery
Date:1900 - 1930

Notes

A number of pieces in the Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery collection have been donated to us by private collectors. This amulet from Italy was presented to us by the artist Estella Canziani (1887-1964) in the 1930s, along with a major collection of water colours, tempera paintings, sketchbooks, costumes, ceramics, archive material, and jewellery.There were many jewellers' shops in Abruzzi. One jeweller invited Estella in to show her the charms and amulets which he sold and explain the traditional beliefs about warding off the evil eye. She also asked the local people about what they were wearing: 'When we picked up the charms of coral hanging on the children and asked what they were for, we either got the answer ''Chi lo sa, li portiamo tutti' (Who knows, we all wear them), or we were told that they also were against the evil eye (malocchio)...The most common charms are ... a closed hand with the forefinger extended...a hunchback (gobetto)..Later, when we gained the confidence of the people, we were told other means of keeping off the evil eye.''When we picked up the charms of coral hanging on the children and asked what they were for, we either got the answer ''Chi lo sa, li portiamo tutti' (Who knows, we all wear them), or we were told that they also were against the evil eye (malocchio)...The most common charms are ... a closed hand with the forefinger extended...a hunchback (gobetto)..Later, when we gained the confidence of the people, we were told other means of keeping off the evil eye.'

Canziani Collection. Presented by Estella Canziani, 1931.

Further Information

Production Period:20th Century
Material(s):Coral
Place of Origin:Abruzzi, Italy