host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Candelabrum - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Candelabrum

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1946M68
Collection:Applied Art - Metalwork
Date:1768 c - 1775 c

Maker Information

Manufacturer:Boulton & Fothergill - View history

Notes

Although the use of ormolu originated in France, Boulton did not take influence from the French in the design of his pieces. The highly ornamented work of his contemporaries in France of the 1760s, was too extravagant for his English taste. He wanted to emulate, if not surpass, the quality of the French work but to simplify the ornamentation.In the eighteenth century objects like these were know as candle vases as they could hold a candle or be used as a vase. Ornamental wares of this and simpler kinds made up the bulk of Boulton's ormolu production. The pattern books show very many designs for vases, some with only slightly differing detail.

Purchased with assistance from the Birmingham City Corporation General Rate Fund.

Further Information

Production Period:18th Century
School/Style:Neo-classical
Medium:Blue john decorated with ormolu.
Material(s):Blue john
Place of Origin:Birmingham, England

Dimensions

Height:40 cm
Width:36 cm
Depth:13 cm

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