Rene Lalique (1860-1945) started his career as an apprentice to a Parisian jeweller, before studying at the Ecole des Arts Decortifs, followed by three years in London (1878-81). By 1885, he had set up his own jewellery workshop, he experimented with a wide variety of materials and techniques, including enamels, and began to incorporate glass, as jewels, in some of his work. From 1902 he began to make glass sculptures, and vases decorated in high relief. For those he used moulds of an exceptionally high quality, taken from models first built up in wax (a casting technique described as cire per due). In 1918 Lalique purchased a large glass factory in Alsace, where he was able to produce large quantities of glass using modern industrial techniques.