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Saxon Penny of Harold I, Jewel Cross type

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1993C516
Collection:Antiquities - Ancient & Mediaeval Coins
Date:1035 - 1040

Maker Information

Mint:Exeter Mint - View history
Moneyer:Harre - View biography for Harre


In the later 7th century the Anglo-Saxons changed from using gold to silver coins. Their earliest silver coins are known today as sceattas. Struck between c 675 and c 750, they are thick dumpy little coins normally without anything written on them. In the late 700's the Anglo-Saxons started making thinner, broader coins which we call pennies. They usually name the king who issued them and the moneyer who was responsible for making them. Pennies like these were made in England for hundreds of years. Harold I was the illegitimate son of Cnut and an Anglo-Saxon mother, Aelfgifu of Northampton. This type of penny is called the Jewelled Cross type from the reverse design. Exeter was a major mint in the country at the time.

Ian Donal Finney Bequest, 1993.

Further Information

Reign:Harold I
Production Period:Saxon
Place of Origin:Exeter, England
Place of Excavation:Sweden - probably

Associated People

Associated Places


Diameter:18 mm