Robert the Bruce defeated the English army at the Battle of Bannockburn in June 1314. He rebuilt Scotland as a nation and forced the English king Edward III to renounce his claims to Scotland in 1328. Mystery surrounds his death, although he probably died of leprosy. His body is buried in Dunfermline, but his heart, was cut out and taken on crusade by one of his knights. It was later returned to Scotland and buried in Melrose Abbey.At this time, Scottish coins were modelled on English coins. They were made to the same fineness and weight (and therefore had the same value as the English coins). On Scottish coins, the King's head is in profile, whereas on English coins, the head is facing. On the reverse, Scottish coins had stars and mullets (stars with a point in the centre) and English coins had pellets.