host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Abolition of Slavery - Penny Token - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Abolition of Slavery - Penny Token

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:2001N37
Collection:Coins & Medals
Date:1814 - 1814

Maker Information

Designer: John Phillp - View biography for John Phillp
Engraver: G F Pidgeon - View biography for G F Pidgeon
Manufacturer:Soho Mint - View history

Notes

This trade token commemorates the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. It was commissioned by Zachary Macaulay (1768-1838), the former Secretary of the Sierra Leone Company. After the Company was dissolved in 1808 Macaulay went into business on his own account, trading with West Africa. He was later joined by his nephew, Babbington.

Macaulay had had dealings with the Soho Mint in Birmingham over the production of the Sierra Leone Company's coins, so he commissioned the Mint to make his own tokens, 50,000 of which were struck.

We do not know why this design, commemorating the abolition of the slave trade, was chosen or why an Arabic translation of the text was given on the other side.

Accession, 2001.

Further Information

Reign:King George III
Production Period:19th Century
Material(s):Copper alloy
Place of Origin:Birmingham, England

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Dimensions

Diameter:35.8 mm