host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Colour Woodblock Print - The Handtowel or Woman of Good Character - from the series 'The Twelve Physiognomies of Beautiful Women' - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Colour Woodblock Print - The Handtowel or Woman of Good Character - from the series 'The Twelve Physiognomies of Beautiful Women'

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1926P198
Collection:Fine Art Prints and Drawings
Date:1802 - 1804

Maker Information

Artist:Kitagawa Utamaro - View biography for Kitagawa Utamaro

Notes

'The Handtowel' is taken from the series 'The Twelve Physiognomies of Beautiful Women' in which beauty and character are likened to famous places as described in the handscroll. Specifically the woman is equated with seven famous beauty spots around Nikko, 50 miles north of present-day Tokyo, and the site of a mortuary temple of the Tokugawa clan.

The text inside the handscroll is translated as: This (series) compares the appearances of twelve beautiful women to the landscapes of twelve places in Japan, commenting on their lifelong behaviour and thoughts and revealing the different hues of their complexions. It may serve as a model to gentlemen (seeking) the Way of Pleasure'. The moralising verse is paradoxically set beside a realistic scene of the subject going to the bath-house. In her hand she carries a handtowel and changing robe. More than half of the original colour has survived in what is thought to be the only known impression with a grey background and full inscription.

Bequeathed by Henry Watson Smith, 1926.

Further Information

Production Period:19th century
School/Style:Japanese Print
Medium:Coloured woodblock print on handmade mulberry paper.
Material(s):Paper

Dimensions

Height:392 mm
Width:260 mm