host = $host; $this->dbUser = $dbUser; $this->dbPass = $dbPass; $this->dbName = $dbName; $this->connectToDb(); } /** * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database * @return void * @access private */ function connectToDb() { // Make connection to MySQL server if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host, $this->dbUser, $this->dbPass)) { trigger_error('Could not connect to server'); $this->connectError = true; // Select database } else if (!@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Could not select database'); $this->connectError = true; } } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { if ($this->connectError) { return true; } $error = mysql_error($this->dbConn); if (empty($error)) { return false; } else { return true; } } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ function &query($sql) { if (!$queryResource = mysql_query($sql, $this->dbConn)) { trigger_error('Query failed: ' . mysql_error($this->dbConn) . ' SQL: ' . $sql); } else { return new MySQLResult($this, $queryResource); } } } /** * MySQLResult Data Fetching Class * @access public * @package SPLIB */ class MySQLResult { /** * Instance of MySQL providing database connection * @access private * @var MySQL */ var $mysql; /** * Query resource * @access private * @var resource */ var $query; /** * MySQLResult constructor * @param object mysql (instance of MySQL class) * @param resource query (MySQL query resource) * @access public */ function MySQLResult(&$mysql, $query) { $this->mysql = &$mysql; $this->query = $query; } /** * Fetches a row from the result * @return array * @access public */ function fetch() { if ($row = mysql_fetch_array($this->query, MYSQL_ASSOC)) { return $row; } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) { mysql_data_seek($this->query, 0); return false; } else { return false; } } /** * Returns the number of rows selected * @return int * @access public */ function size () { return mysql_num_rows($this->query); } /** * Returns the ID of the last row inserted * @return int * @access public */ function insertID () { return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn); } /** * Checks for MySQL errors * @return boolean * @access public */ function isError() { return $this->mysql->isError(); } /** * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with * @param $sql string the database query to run * @return MySQLResult * @access public */ } ?> Pipe Bag - Tobacco Bag - Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery Information Centre
             
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Pipe Bag - Tobacco Bag

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Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery

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Basic Information

Accession Number:1989A41
Collection:Ethnography - North America
Date:1880 c - 1880 c

Maker Information

Attributed to:Plains Cree - View history
Or:Northern Ojibwa / Saulteaux - View history
Or:Plains Ojibwa / Bungi - View history

Notes

This bag was made by a craftsperson from one of the Ojibwa or Cree groups of the Canadian Plains or marginal Plains, and was used to hold a small smoking pipe and tobacco.Smoking wasn't only a leisure activity. It played an important role in religious and ceremonial activities. Pipes and pipe bags were generally highly decorated as they were thought of as sacred objects.

Purchased from Mrs June Bedford.

Further Information

Production Period:19th century
Material(s):Cotton
Place of Origin:Saskatchewan / Alberta / Montana, Canada / United States of America

Dimensions

Height:560 mm
Diameter:160 mm